You Should Be Aware Of These Essential Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Facts
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Facts
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Facts, a cancer of the immune system, occurs in two forms: Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Facts disease and non-Hodgkin this disease, each of which has many subtypes.To get the facts, we spoke to two leading experts: Robert W. Chen, MD, a hematologist oncologist and assistant professor of hematology at the City of Hope cancer center, in Duarte, California;
1. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes lymphoma, says Dr. Lansigan. But some factors may increase a person’s risk, such as family history of lymphoma or having an autoimmune disease. Organ transplant recipients and people who have been infected with viruses, such as Epstein-Barr, HIV, HTLV-1, and hepatitis C, are also at risk. Exposure to pesticides, fertilizers, and organic solvents (like benzene) are environmental risk factors, says Lansigan.
2. If you’re diagnosed with lymphoma, don’t panic. “There are many different subtypes of these Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Facts diseases, and the prognoses and treatments are different depending on which you have. The most important thing to do is seek a second opinion at a National Cancer Institute-Designated Cancer Center with a lymphoma expert who can identify the specific type of lymphoma you have and choose the best treatment,”
3. Lymphoma starts in your body’s white cells (lymphocytes). Lymphocytes usually come in two types of cells: B lymphocytes (B cells), which make antibodies that fight infection, and T this disease (T cells), which help kill microbes.
4. Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable form of cancer, says Lansigan. The survival rate during the years 2004 to 2010 was nearly 88 percent — more than double the survival rate of 40 percent during 1960 to 1963, according to statistics from the Leukemia & this disease Society. “The latest research has been to tailor the right combination of treatments according to the patient and the stage of his or her cancer,” says Lansigan.
5.Hodgkin disease differs from non-Hodgkin lymphoma in several ways. In Hodgkin disease, people have large, malignant cells known as Reed-Sternberg cells; physicians will look for these cells to confirm a Hodgkin disease diagnosis. Plus, Hodgkin this disease has several variations: one is a “classic” type that comprises about 95 percent of all cases; another 5 percent of cases are known as nodular lymphocyte predominant which is typically a slow-growing form of the disease.
6. Modern oral medications are being used in place of chemo and radiation. “These make treatment easier for many people with lymphoma, especially for those people with chronic lymphomas, who can now more conveniently be treated and go on living their lives,” says Lansigan.
7. There are different forms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. B-cell this disease is the most common form and accounts for about 85 percent of all cases. Most, but not all, non-Hodgkin lymphomas are slow growing; some forms are curable, and all can be treated.
8. New treatments for both non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin this disease are in use or are currently being tested.According to Chen, recently approved drugs and drugs currently in clinical trials look very promising, even for people whose cancers have relapsed. Among these is a new class of drugs, called PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors, which enhance the patient’s own immune system to fight Hodgkin this disease cells.
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